How are cops trained to use deadly force?


>>Reporter: WHEN TO SHOOT? FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT LIKE FERGUSON POLICE OFFICER DARREN WILSON WHO SHOT MICHAEL BROWN –>>HE GOT HIS GUN OUT — >>Reporter: AND THEN TEN DAYS LATER, THE ST. LOUIS POLICE OFFICERS WHO CONFRONTED A KNIFE-WIELDING MENTALLY ILL MAN.>>Reporter: THAT DECISION BEGINS WITH TRAINING AT THE POLICE ACADEMY. >>THIS IS STANDARD TRAINING?>>Reporter: ARE ON MARTINELLI SAYS HE HAS BEEN AN EXPERT IN MORE THAN 100 SHOOTING CASES, MOST OF THEM OFFICER-INVOLVED WEARING A STANDARD ISSUED OFFICER DUTY BELT. >>THIS GUY IS JUST BIG AND INTIMIDATING.>>Reporter: IT’S UNCLEAR WHAT DISTANCE MICHAEL BROWN WAS SHOT FROM. BUT THESE TYPES OF SHOOTINGS TYPICALLY HAPPEN IN CLOSE PROXIMITY. AT A SAN DIEGO AREA SHOOTING RANGE, USING TRAINING WEAPONS, MARTINELLI SHOWS US WHAT IS CALLED THE 21-FOOT RULE. THE ASSAILANT RUSHES. >>DO YOU HAVE TIME TO AIM?>>THERE IS NO AIMING.>>Reporter: EVERYTHING TAKES TIME. TWO SECONDS TO UNHOLSTER AND LIFT THE GUN. >>YOU HAVE TO PUSH THE BUTTON, ROCK IT BACK AND PULL IT OUT.>>Reporter: EVEN AT THIS DISTANCE WHERE YOU SEE THE KNIFE AND GUN IS OUT HE STILL HAS GOT YOU?>>ABSOLUTELY. WE CAN REALLY SEE THAT KNIFE RIGHT THERE AND WE CAN GET — I’VE GOT A LOT OF TIME AND ON MY FRONT SIDE AND I CAN TAKE SHOTS, THAT DISTANCE WOULD BE OKAY. RIGHT?>>BUT IN A STREET SITUATION THAT’S NOT — >>PROBABLY FARTHER BACK. >>CHANGE THE SCENARIO TO A SMALLER FEMALE ASSAILANT AND YOU GAIN A LITTLE TIME BUT NOT MUCH. THIS DOES NOT FACTOR IN AN ADRENALINE LEVEL, IF THERE IS COVER OR IF PEOPLE ARE IN THE LINE OF FIRE, ADD TO THE DUTY BELT. >>MORE THINGS YOU ADD TO THE HOLSTER OR TO THE DUTY BELT, THAT DELAYS THE OFFICER’S RESPONSE BY 50% OF REACTION TIME.>>IT’S EASY, SAYS MARTINELLI TO SAY OFFICERS HAVE OTHER OPTIONS BUT THAT DOESN’T MEAN EVERY OFFICER-INVOLVED SHOOTING IS JUSTIFIED. >>THAT ASSAILANT POSES AN IMMINENT, NOT POTENTIAL, BUT AN IMMINENT THREAT OF SERIOUS BODILY INJURY OR DEATH. >>YOU START TO THINK, TWO SECONDS TO GET THE GUN OUT OF THE HOLSTER AND SOMEONE CAN RUN 21 FEET IN THAT TIME. WE SEE THERE IS NO TIME BUT IT’S WHAT ABOUT OTHER TOOLS THAT OFFICER WILSON MAY HAVE HAD? THE TASER? THE PEPPER SPRAY? WHY NOT IN THIS CASE?>>IN LETHAL FORCE, PEPPER SPRAY IS NOT EFFECTIVE. MARTINELLI SAYS YOU HAVE TO BE ABOUT 20 FEET AWAY FROM THE ASSAILANT AND BECAUSE OF OPERATOR ERROR IT HAS 60% EFFECTIVENESS RATE. IN THE SITUATION WHERE YOU ARE FACED WITH POTENTIAL DEADLY USE OF A WEAPON,

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