Children in the conflict: A social problem

Hello and welcome. This week we have news, background information and a special for you…. On Friday, the 36 round of talks ended here in Havana, Cuba. Here are the headlines: We start off with important news: this week was invited by the Table Leila Zerrougui, Special Representative of the UN Secretary General on the issue of children and armed conflict The Algerian representative met separately with the Government and with the Peace Delegation of the FARC-EP, in view of the need to strengthen the commitments of both parties to the rights of children The issue of children awakes sensitivity at national and international level It is an issue that deserves the attention and concern of all of us since children are what Colombia will be in the future… These are the men and women of tomorrow… Malnutrition, homicide, sexual assault, domestic violence, child labor, child prostitution, death from medical neglect, lack of education, children in the conflict, our children, the future of our homeland, are subject to all these vexations… According to figures from the National Institute of Health and the Dane in 2014, 240 children under five in the country died from malnutrition In Vaupés, chronic malnutrition affects 34.7 percent of children under five and in La Guajira 27.9 percent In 2013 there were nearly 18,000 reported cases of sexual assault on minors. So far in 2015 will more than 90 children killed violently, according to the Forensic Institute Unesco, according to the ‘Education for the whole World’ program found that in Colombia, 435.000 children under age don’t attend school. The figure could be much higher if one considers that the data are from 2011 children are the future of the nation, so we can say that Colombia’s future becomes uncertain There are many campaigns going on from different institutions and organizations defending human rights and children with no results so far Historically, Colombian state violence has affected all sectors, regardless of age, sex or race. That’s why the entire population has maintained resistance to confront it… The entire family went there. that’s why the commands initially grew with a large civilian population. Because the whole family would leave for the jungle. Father, Son and Holy Spirit. And from there, they joined the guerrilla commands. Many children have been saved this way, by the guerrilla commands. Because they joined the guerrilla commands, and the guerrilla combatants saved them from death. Had it not been so, many more children would have been killed by the police, the army and the Conservatives No one disputes that the theater of war is not a suitable place for children. The official age for the incorporation of a person to an army is 15 years, as stipulated in the Geneva Conventions. However, there is a desire and will of many countries and organizations to move that limit up to 18 years The FARC has taken an important step with its determination, in February 2015, not to include in its ranks people younger than 17 years and to separate soon a small group of under 15 who are still in the camps of the guerrilla So… what future awaits them? Does this end the trafficking of children and with different ways of child exploitation? Will it end hunger and lack of access to education? The conflict in Colombia is not only armed, it is social, too The only valid measure to free the children and adolescents of war, is bringing the conflict to an end. Therefore we would need less rhetoric and more action, for such a sensitive issue for the future of the nation Rescue minors from the swirl of the conflict is a moral and ethical commitment that all of us must assume together On May 7, Comandante Erika Montero spoke about the need to dismantle the paramilitary BEFORE entering the post-agreement stage The spokeswoman said that paramilitarism in Colombia is still alive and that its dismantling is a requirement for peace To that end, she made the following proposal we propose to all Colombians, peasants, indigenous peoples, Afro communities, social and political movements, to establish an early warning system to report to the Table in Havana about the presence of paramilitaries in their territories, so that we can ask the authorities for immediate actions of neutralization. The rest of the week was marked by a daily insistence by the insurgency on the following topics, which were, again, summarized in the news end of round 36, read by Comandante Iván Márquez The insurgency stressed the need for a National Constituent Assembly as a starting point for a new era of social transformation the FARC urged the Government once again to make progress on the issue of victims, since the insurgency has already raised its proposals They also explained that the abandonment of weapons means not using them to do politics which implies that society will also have to be demilitarized In this round continued the study and preparation of the agenda addressing this issue which was rated as positive by the insurgency the guerrilla re-emphasized on the need to form a committee to clarify the phenomenon of paramilitarism which is stipulated in the General Agreement of Havana It was underlined that the reports of the Historical Commission of the conflict and its victims should be studied and evaluated, as they are fundamental for the understanding of the subjects of the Agenda. The FARC claimed that the time has come to create a Clarification Commission of Truth essential to recognize the feelings of the victims of the conflict The secret files of the State should be declassified if we want to get to know the whole truth and repair all the victims of the conflict Without truth, victims remain outside the scope of the story; and reparation would be selective incomplete. Peace without truth is impossible A calm, quiet, post-conflict is impossible without truth The last day of round 36, a joint statement of the national government and the FARC-EP was published in which the work done during this round was summarized in three main aspects First, the roadmap for implementing the demining pilot project was defined as well as technical and logistical issues The Technical Subcommission made progress in the methodology and the analysis of concepts for the study of the bilateral and final cease of fire and hostilities And they also continued to build agreements on the issue of victims Hello. Today our recommended video is the documentary Solar Mamas The plot of this film takes place in Jordan, in a Bedouin community on the border with Iraq There, as in most third world countries, in addition to the extreme poverty in which its inhabitants are submerged reigns a predominantly macho culture imposed by a patriarchal society The documentary Solar Mamas leads us through the labyrinth in which Rafea confronts her husband and all those who surround her, who are thoroughly convinced of the fact that the place destined for women is home, where they have to be ready 24 hours to meet their husband’s needs and raising their children. And that’s precisely what this humble woman wants to change for the good of their community and especially the women. Let’s see a little preview: but with or without permission I want to work I want to achieve something change the situation of this village I won’t consult with anybody and will do what is best for me and if she goes one day? she won’t go not even an hour like it or not, I will go this is an official meeting To know what happened with Rafea, I invite you to watch this documentary on the youtube channel Why Poverty Again here with you Continuing the issue of today’s special we selected some opinions and comments from social networks that express also concern for the situation of children in Facebook, Juan Valentina Salazar Sánchez says Colombia, country of child “unprotection” where not attending school, misery and ill treatment make children suffer the State doesn’t care about it… Lorena Jiménez, under the hashtag #childhood says the media opportunism in Colombia is there when we talk about children in Colombia The truth is that the only responsible of the violation of children’s rights is the Colombian State who with its governments has stolen resources and has given away our country to the ones who offer the best prizes. It’s time for the government to respond… #PeaceWithSocialJustice Let’s see what people say in twitter Kenau Torres says apart from the war, we have to free children of child labor, sexual exploitation, hunger, lack of education… an impartial opinion Catalina Oquendo asks herself and why don’t we get upset about this there are complaints about US military who abused women in Colombia and also girls and adolescents don’t forget that they enjoy impunity guaranteed by the State Alirio Uribe Muñoz writes is pretty significant Government wants to contact women abused by US military this was all for today don’t forget that you can write us [email protected] and share this broadcast On the 21st of May, the talks will begin again, which will be the 37th round of talks This week the peace process is in recess, but the activities of the Peace Delegation continue, so wait for our news broadcast on Sunday on our Youtube channel: Manuel Paz.

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