AutoCAD – Complete Tutorial for Beginners – Part 1

hi guys I have prepared this tutorial for users that are using AutoCAD for the first time so if this is your case welcome to my lessons I hope you will learn something here and
especially gain motivation to start working in AutoCAD as you may noticed, this version is
AutoCAD 2013 however if you have another version this will not be a problem because even different versions can change a bit the
layout or the newest ones have more features all the basic and main things
are mostly the same for example if you can work in AutoCAD 2005 it will not be too difficult to get used
to AutoCAD 2016 or 17 for example and this is because a special characteristic of AutoCAd is that we can start any action by typing the command name with the keyboard for example if I want to draw a line I can type “LINE”, and this with activate the command if i type “options” I will open the panel of options so it’s very simple if I hold my mouse pointer over any
icon it appears there a small box with a
briefely explanation of this tool in this case it’s the multiline text and this word below is the comand name so if i know it I can activate
this action by inserting the name with the keyboard so the name of the comands are
the same for all versions of course it’s possible that exists any exception and also some of them have been experiencing improvements all over the time ok now I’m going to talk about the
workspace and how I can use the mouse and it’s buttons it’s possible that it seems a bit
confusing at the beginning but don’t worry because you will get used easily this cross is our mouse indicator and it has exactly this shape
when we don’t have any comand active so the most common way to go to
different sections of the drawing is using the mouse wheel if I scroll up, I can zoom in and if I scroll down, I zoom out to move the workspace just click and hold the weel and slide it if you are familiar with Google Maps this works as the same way so it will be
easy for you if you click anywhere with the “right button” this will open this panel here there are several options that you can choose the “left button” is used for selection if I want to select from the left to the right the selected area will appear as blue and I have to cover all my line if I just cover a part it will not be selected (as you can see here) but if I open the selection from the right to the left the selection area will be green and if I just touch the line
it will be selected for cancel the selection just click on “esc” now i will start
teaching you to draw in AutoCAD i will introduce you the command “LINE” this is the most basic tool and will be probably the one you will use most of time to draw a line I can go to the home panel on the top and click on the icon “LINE” with the left button another option is typing “LINE” with the
keyboard and click “ENTER” if you look to the command bar, you can
see that I have the command “LINE” active also the mouse indicator has changed now it doesn’t have the square in the middle that appears in this form when i use any drawing tools you can find them in this panel to start drawingI can just click somewhere here to enter
the first point and click again where I want the second point for example, here now I can enter a second line but i can type “ESC” to cancel the command ok, so we have drawn a line however it was without any specific
dimension and direction and this is not going to be useful for us I want to show you how to insert a
horizontal line with dimension 1000 for now the units doesn’t matter i will
show you how to edit them later if i type “ENTER” now
I activate the command “LINE” again this is because it was the last command
I have been using and it’s very useful for repeatedly actions I click to insert the first point and i’m going to drag to the right here appeared this dashed green line and saying here “POLAR” this means that my line will be horizontal now i will type 1000 and type “ENTER” this line is completely horizontal and specified as 1000 to be possible to draw completely horizontal or vertical lines we need the “POLAR MODE” on now i will
deactivated it which is here at the bottom, to show you what will happen I will draw another line now and as you see, the dashed line is not there and even if I try to draw it as
horizontal as possible it will be for sure a little bit out of
the place for this reason, I strongly recommend you to have the “POLAR MODE” on if you need to do lots of horizontal
and vertical “LINES” to draw only orthogonal lines I can switch on the “ORTHO MODE” which is
this button next to the polar mode drawing a line again So, I click for my first point and the cursor only lets me to draw a vertical or horizontal line so i will type now “100” now “200” and then I continue drawing this will be “100” I will draw another line I can draw how many lines as I want when i finish i simply click “ESC” this last one I have to make it “100” to match the line below So, the last thing I will teach you about the command “LINE” is to draw a line with a
specified angle i will draw first an horizontal line and the next one, I want to draw it with length “200” now if I type the button “TAB” I can specify the angle that i want i will put for example 30 degrees and click enter to place it so in this next section i will explain you how to set up and edit
units One thing I recommend is drawing
with scale 1:1 I mean if you want to draw a line with
one meter of length draw it with the real length and not with 1cm
for example that’s because it’s easier to not get
confused and you only need to scale the drawing when you will plot it now if you look to the bottom left corner you can see the coordinates of the mouse pointer and of course, the first one is “X”, the second “Y” and the third one is “Z” and this is
always zero because we are working in 2d also this point is where my coordinates
are all 0 now i am going to set up my units I will type units and press ENTER to open this panel here were says length I can choose the type of that I want in my
case I use decimal units but I know in some countries is common to use the
architectural or engineering units in the precision, you have all these options
to choose and in this side, you can choose
the type of angle units I will choose decimal degrees in the insertion scale we will choose the units that we want if you use standard units but those are
just used for conversion when we want to insert a block or an external image just for drawing, that units don’t matter that’s because AutoCAD has a
dimensionless system of measurement we only need to put the scale when we need to print now I want to show you a common issue
especially when we are using millimeters we notice that our workspace is
not very wide but this is simple to solve if I draw a very long line like for example 100,000 mm of course it will not fit in the drawing but i’m going to type “Z”
for zoom I press “Enter” and now I type “A” for all as you see, my workspace is much larger now in this part I will show you a very basic tool that will help us to draw with precision it’s the “object snap” in the screen you
can see these lines that you may know how to draw if you have followed these
tutorials from the beginning so i’m going to activate the command
line and if i drop the pointer through the lines you can see these green symbols
appearing there these points are from the object snap and
they help me to draw with precision for example the square indicates an
endpoint of one of the lines if i click here the start point of the new line will be
precisely from the corner I will show you what happens when I
have the “object snap” off so i would try to draw a line from this
corner and now if i zoom in you can see that there is a gap these things can make your drafting
unprecise and for large projects the objects may not match now i am going to show you how to choose
the “object snap” points we have to type “OSNAP” to open the settings here, I can
activate the modes that I need in this tutorial i will show you how to use some
of them i will start with the “ENDPOINT” as I showed you before it appears in the extremities of the
lines and arcs the “MIDPOINT” is useful when you want to draw from the middle of
an object the “CENTER” only applies for circles and ellipses and to detect these points you have to touch the border of the circle without clicking for the ellipse is the
same the “INTERSECTION” is obviously when you want to detect the point of
intersection of two lines the “EXTENSION” appears for example when you click on
the “ENDPOINT” and you drag the pointer in the same direction of your line now the “PERPENDICULAR” this is a little bit tricky I’m going to
draw a line from here and now, I have to touch the line that I want to assume
as my reference I drag the mouse to find the perpendicular line so here it is. I can just type the length
to draw it now I want to draw a line from the same point, to the perpendicular intersection of this line I highlighted here here when I drag the new line towards
the line i highlighted I find this sign that indicates the
perpendicular point of my future intersection I click there
and i have my new line, orthogonal with this another “PARALLEL” mode If you want to draw a parallel line just click here for example drag the
mouse over the line i want to make it parallel to detect it one last thing i want to explain here,
is the “object snap tracking” this is really useful if i want to put the
first point of a new line at 50mm to the right from another I will touch the endpoint of my line and
drag slowly to the right i wil ltype “50” to insert the first
point of the new line so here it is of course, I can do the
same to other direction now i will show you to the left side this time i will insert the distance of “100” and I can draw this line here one last thing about the “object snap” I recommend you to only activate the modes you are going to use in the project because if you activate everything this can be a bit confusing sometimes with the green signs appearing everywhere how does the other drawing tools work if you go to the drawing section on the top you can find there are a lot of commands and there are some more if you click here as this is a tutorial for
beginners I will only show you how to use some of
them POLYLINES, RECTANGLES, CIRCLES and ARCS I think these are the most used and
enough for beginners in AutoCAD I will show you how to use the command “POLYLINE” a polyline is basically a group of lines all connected
to each other to draw a polyline we can click in this button or we can
also type with the keyboard: “polyline” or simply “pl” and click “enter” as you can see, this is the same process
of drawing lines I’m drawing as much lines as i need and when i finish i can click “ESC” or if I want to join with the first point of the “polyline” i can type “cl” that means close so the main characteristic when I draw a
polyline is that I select all these lines together because they are
considered only one object if I want to draw a rectangle I can still use “polyline” but if i click
in the command “rectangle” it is easier that is because, first I click to insert the start point and then, I only need to insert the coordinates of
the opposite corner for example if I want a rectangle with dimension
300 per 500 first I will type “300” then, I press “TAB” and finally” 500″ so as you see, for rectangles is faster
doing this way now, i will show you how to draw a circle you can click on this icon here or you can type “circle” or “c” it is very simple first, I click to insert the center for example, here and now I will insert the radius of the circle for example “250” and press enter so it’s done now if you go to the
drawing panel and click in this arrow you can choose the way how you want to
insert the circle for example you can choose first the
center and insert the diameter you can draw a circle by inserting two or three
points or also by putting tangents so if you want you can you can play
around with this because it’s easy to learn if i want to draw an arc I can click on
the icon above or I can simply type “a” with the keyword I click to insert a first point now I will
put a second point and now the third point at the beginning it may be a little bit
difficult to draw an arc but with practice you’ll get used to it also, like
the circle if you click in the arrow you can choose
the points that you want to insert for drawing the arc as you see, you have here
several options ok, now that you know how to use these
commands you can play around with them and also discover the other drawing
tools so it’s all in this video don’t forget to subscribe if you want to watch the complete list of tutorials well thank you very much for watching
this video and i hope to see you soon

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